1900s

Thoroughly summarize what your trend looked like in the late 1800s/early 1900s:

Imagine what you would need to tell someone who knew little or nothing about it. What took place? How did it impact people? What other things going on was it connected to?


Urbanization - A

By: Jill M., Brandon K., and Lev N.

The first people in the area of Chicago were native americans. They lived in longhouses and hunted buffalo. In 1880, Chicago was influenced by a river and a railroad. French explorers used canoes known as "Checagou" to explore the area through the Mississippi. Checagou meaning free and strong or wild onion in the late 1800s now is the big city Chicago in Illinois.

In the 1900's incoming immigrants from abroad and rural areas overwhelmed the capacity of American cities to provide public services. Also with the rapid growth of the city started problems relating to sanitation and overcrowding also access to clean water. People of the cities tried and failed to help the city back to it's normal self but since they did fail the city remained not in tact. Some of the city leaders tried to solve the problems of rapid urbanization but the problems got so big they couldn't do it by themselves. One group of reformers wanted to make the city better by putting in NEW water mains, sewers, planting trees along the boulevards and expanding city parks. The projects that the group tried to have all city neighborhoods to have the new improved ideas but it didn't work. Chicago needed help.

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Chicago in the late 1800's early 1900's

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Urbanization - B1
As Chicago grew, its residents took heroic measures to keep pace. In the 1850s, they raised many of the streets five to eight feet to install a sewer system – and then raised the buildings, as well. Unfortunately, the buildings, streets and sidewalks were made of wood, and most of them burned to the ground in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The Chicago Fire Department training academy at 558 W. DeKoven St. is on the site of the O’Leary property where the fire began. The Chicago Water Tower and Pumping Station at Michigan and Chicago avenues are among the few buildings to have survived the fire.


Urbanization - B2
By Maya L, Olivia H, and Braydon S
By 1870 Chicago was the worlds largest grain, livestock, and lumber market. Chicago's main social problems are poverty and racial discrimination. In the summer of 1871 there was only one fourth of the rainfall that usually came. Because of such dry weather, a fire started on the south west side of the city. The fire raged for more then twenty-four hours, killing at least three hundred people, and leaving nine hundred thousand people homeless. After the fire, the city came out from the ruins of the fire and was reborn. It became one of the greatest city in the world. The fire attracted many of the best architects, who were to help rebuild the city
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. Transportation became their biggest industry. In 1919, half of the four hundred thousand people worked in heavy industries. Iron, steel, garment manufacturing, and a lot more.
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The theme of incresased standard of living in Chicago is that increased the standard of living. It gave the people who lived in Chicago more job opportunities and much more. The innovations that were made helped everyday peoples lives. In Chicago since it is a city then thats were you buy all of the inventions. The vacumn cleaner helped with cleaning everyones homes. Other ones helped like toilet paper, toilets, and washer machines. Toilet and toilet paper helped because it was a lot more sanitary. The washer machines helped with cleaning clothes instead of having to clean clothes with a bucket of water and rocks.


Urbanization - C (Philadelphia)
By Mia D., Nora M., and Christian P.
Philadelphia was a great city in the late 1800s and it still is today. The word, Philadelphia means city of brotherly love. It is home to the Liberty Bell, and Independence Hall. But none of this explains why Philadelphia is the amazing city it is today. Philadelphia's past is a roller coaster, with more ups and downs than one can count. But in the long run, Philadelphia prospered into an industrialized, modern city.
Back in the late 1800's- early 1900s, Philadelphia wasn't having very good luck. At first, they had plenty of factories and businesses, but as time passed on, the manufacturing companies closed or moved out of the city to expand their businesses. This might have been good for the companies, but it wasn't so good for Philadelphia. All of this resulted in the loss of thousands of jobs, leaving over half of the population poor of homeless. And to make matters worse, during this same period of time, the population decreased by hundreds and thousands of people, who wanted to leave to find homes and pursue new careers. Even worse, the people who did still work in the factories, which included children, were suffering poor working conditions.
Philadelphia still had some great traits, although they had many problems. One amazing thing about Philadelphia was its transportation system. Around this time, Philadelphia was beginning to expand its ways of transportation, by adding automobiles, and even railroads! These railroads were able to bring people in and out of the city. One of Philadelphia's most important service industries is trade. These railroads expanded this industry, which brought in more people with company ideas to replace the ones that left. Philadelphia was finally beginning to prosper! These new companies brought ideas for new jobs. This attracted immigrants from all over the world! Suddenly, Southern Philadelphia was filled with a large ethnic group of Italian descent, looking for jobs. The future might have looked good, but they still had a long road ahead of them. Philadelphia became the way it is now because they increased their standard of living.
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Urbanization - D

By, Sharon B, Natalie G, Ally G, Austin S

New York City was a great place to live in the 1900's and still is today. The population was 7,268,894, and from that population two thirds lived in buildings, and the rest lived in tenements. Poor families occupied just one or two rooms in a tenement, with no heat or water. Tenements were unclean and even a dangerous place to live. Only a few rooms had windows to provide fresh air and sunlight, the rest were dark and airless. Diseases such as typhoid and cholera spread quickly, killing young children, and infants. Lots of people lived in New York City, like buisness owners, imigrants, and people all over the world. The theme is about the increases standard living, and before the standard of living was like all sick people and it was crowded all over the place, and they mostly live in tenements and some buildings and a building was very cheap, but they were very old and cheap and dark and not that many window. Now the standardized living is much more different and better for everybody. It is crowded but not that crowded for you could get sick or get a disease easily. The buildings and houses are also much better, they all have a lot of windows and fresh air. All the rooms are big and bright and not cheap. They are actually pretty expensive in NYC. NYC is a great place to live in now, and also was before if you didnt have a house to live in.




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Urbanization - E
By, Jessica W, Jack W, Mallory R, Amanda O

New York City was very populated, but a good area to live in the late 1800 and early 1900. It was filled with etertainment and factories around every corner. In New York City most people enjoyed the entertainment and the convenience of everything. The average ride to work was very quick for most people, because everything was so close. It was a populated place, and many people within New york City, lived in buildings, but others lived in smaller apartments called tenements. These tenements were very dirty and unsatble.They were also a very dangerous place to live and were the least bit sanitary. The families all lived in one tenement room no matter what the size of the family was, with little sorce of light and only one bathroom for the entire floor.Tenements aslo started the spread of diseases throughout the City. New York City impacted many people to live that kind of life style.Although living in a tenement was the best thing it was a place where the poor could live. On the other hand the wealthy buisness owners had the upper hand of the city. They had nice apartments that were safe and more sanitary. Buisnesses in New York City run by big owners could lead to other bisnesses being destroyed.All in all no matter what the ups and downs were, New York City was a great place for everyone including the rich and poor also immagrants to.